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|LONDON - Almost 60 percent of countries are at high risk of using slave labour in their supply chains Cheap Men's Nike Air Force 1 Flyknit Low Red , according to a new global index launched on Thursday.
By assessing incidents of human trafficking or slavery, national laws, and the quality of law enforcement across 198 countries, risk analytics company Verisk Maplecroft found that 115 countries were at high or extreme risk of using slaves.
A cotton picker is at work during this year's harvest in Karakalpakstan, Uzbekistan in this October 2015 photo courtesy of Anti-Slavery International released to Reuters on December 18, 2015. REUTERS
"Few countries in the world are actually immune to modern slavery Wholesale Men's Nike Air Force 1 Flyknit Low Blue ," said Alex Channer, lead analyst for human rights research at Verisk Maplecroft.
Nearly 46 million people around the world are living as slaves, forced to work in factories, mines and farms, sold for sex, trapped in debt bondage or born into servitude Men's Nike Air Force 1 Flyknit Low Blue Online , according to the 2016 Global Slavery Index by rights group Walk Free Foundation.
Modern slavery has become a catch-all term to describe human trafficking, forced labour, debt bondage, sex trafficking, forced marriage and other slave-like exploitation.
Channer said Verisk Maplecroft's index aims to help businesses identify countries most at risk of slave labour.
The issue has received increasing attention in recent years with exposes in sectors as diverse as fishing, mining and textiles.
Last year Outlet Men's Nike Air Force 1 07 Low Gold White , Britain passed an anti-slavery law requiring companies with a turnover of 36 million pounds or more to report what they are doing to eradicate slavery from their supply chains.
After North Korea, the report ranked South Sudan, Sudan and Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), one of the world's largest producer of cobalt which is used in electronics, as countries with the most slave labour.
The European Union had a 'medium risk' of using slaves, while Britain Men's Nike Air Force 1 Low 07 LE Black White Cheap , Germany, Denmark and Finland were the only four major European economies that had a low risk of slave labour.
"In general, most countries have moderate to excellent legal framework. But where they vary is how effective they are at actually implementing those laws," said Channer.
YANTAI， July 8， 2016 (Xinhua) -- Tourists walk across green algae mound on the seashore in Haiyang City of Yantai， east China's Shandong Province， July 8， 2016. Green algae， or enteromorpha prolifera， struck the coast of Haiyang due to wind direction and tidal current. The clear-up work is underway. (XinhuaZhao Jinyang)
Shougong Geiru Yongqing weaves on a loom at her house. Photo: Li HaoGT Three-year-old twin Mosuo girls play in a storage room in the Shougong household. Photo: Li HaoGT An elderly Mosuo woman sits next to her loom. Photo: Li HaoGT
For hundreds of years, the Mosuo people have lived next to Lugu Lake in Lijiang, Southwest China's Yunnan Province in a traditional way Cheap Men's Nike Air Force 1 Low Premium Black , maintaining the only matriarchal society in China. But gradually, their society, which stretches from Yunnan to Sichuan Province, is breaking down as more and more young people choose to leave home and work in the cities. The UN has funded a program to revive their traditional handicrafts and keep the young women from abandoning their way of life, but the program has struggled as hand-woven fabrics have been priced out of the market by machine-woven garments.
Shougong Geiru Yongqing remembers leaning against her grandmother's loom when she was in elementary school and watching the wooden shuttle fly across the fabric. Sometimes her grandmother would start singing in Mosuo.
She started learning how to weave a couple of years later, like most girls in the village. And when she was 13 Men's Nike Air Force 1 Low Grey White Outlet , she wove her first piece of fabric by hand.
The 24-year-old lives in Walabi, a traditional Mosuo village of 70 households in Lijiang, Yunnan Province. The Mosuo people are an ethnic group that live in Southwest China and maintain the only matriarchal society in the country. The Mosuo are a small group, with a population of around 53,000 in a country of 1.3 billion, or 0.004 percent of the total population Men's Nike Air Force 1 Low Grey For Sale , according to a report by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP).
When she was young, every household had a loom and women often sat and weaved in their spare time. As tourism developed in the area, their fabrics became popular in nearby cities, turning their traditional arts into a big moneymaker. But nowadays, more and more young people are choosing to work in the cities and their traditional way of life is breaking down.
Staying back home
Shougong only came back to the village in recent years. She started working in the city of Lijiang when she was 13. Her sister had a shop back then that sold scarves and various traditional Mosuo products and her brother had a bar in the city. Since then, she's worked in many jobs. She has waited tables at restaurants and worked in clothes shops.
But her maternal grandfather fell ill a couple of years ago Women's Nike Air Force 1 Low Red On Sale , and at the time her older sister had just had twin girls and couldn't spare any time to take care of the family. Her parents told her to come back to the village and uphold Mosuo traditions.
According to tradition, there needs to be at least one woman living in every household, and women are encouraged to stay home to form the core of the family unit. Shougong has four brothers that are all working away from home, while she and her sister take care of their grandparents and run the household to take over these responsibilities from their aging mother.
The reason for this is that the Mosuo people have a tradition of zouhun (walking marriage), where partners live in different households during the day. The men come over to their wives' houses at night only, and children from these relationships are raised . Cheap Jerseys From China Cheap Authentic Jerseys Cheap Jerseys From China Cheap Wholesale Jerseys Cheap Jerseys Free Shipping Cheap NFL Jerseys Cheap New MLB Jerseys Cheap Nike NBA Jerseys Wholesale Jerseys Wholesale Jerseys